Mount Everest, 8848 metres, the highest mountain in the world, lies in Solukhumbu, province 1, Nepal. Called “Sagarmatha”, literally meaning “Peak of Heaven” in Nepali and “Chomolungma” also spelled “Qomolangma” in Chinese, literally meaning :Goddess Mother of of the World” or “Goddess of the Valley”, Mount Everest was first climbed by Sir Edmund Hilary from Newzeland and Nepali Tenzing Norgey Sherpa on the 29th of May, 1953. Until 1952 Sagarmatha was known as Mount XV and it was not known to be the world’s highest mountain. The Governmenatal Survey of British India, however, established it as the highest mounntain in the world. In 1865, the Nomenclature “Everest” was assigned after Sir George Everest, British Surveyor General of contemporary India. Junko Tawei, a Japanese, was the first woman in the world to get to the top of Everest in 1975.Similarly the first Nepali woman to climb the Everest was Pasang Lhamu Sherpa who set her feet on top of it in the year 1993, on April 21. But unfortunately she was fatally engulfed in the snow on her way back.
Since the temperarture of the summit of the Everest falls between minus 19 to minus 60 degree celcius, the possibility of frostbite is extreme with hostile weather condition for the climbers.
Mount Everest lies in the highly isolated region of the Mahalangur Himalayan Range, so it is a herculean task to ascend to its formidable top. April and May just before the monsoon arrives are the most hospitable months for Everest ascent. First couple of weeks in September right after the monsoon commences may also permit the climb. The months October through March are nearly impossible to climb the Everest because of the horrendous winter storms.
The route commonly followed by the climbers is via the southern route via Khumbu Ice Fall and couth Col. This is the route taken by the historic recorder of the ascent of the peak of the Everest by Edmund Hilary and Tenzing Norgey Sherpa. The northern route is comparatively less followed one.
Nepal tourism Board is the authority that permits the expedition and decides royalty, necessary training, equipment and services for the climbers.