Mount Kanchanjangha with the top elevation of 8586 metres, the third highest mountain in the world, lies in the district of Taplejung , province 1, Nepal. It is bordered by the river Tamur, one of the seven big branches of Nepal’s biggest river Saptakoshi, in the west, and the Teesta River, India, in the east. Kanchanjangha faces Lhonak Chu and Jongsang La to the north. It was until 1852 that Kanchanjangha was assumed to be of the topmost elevation in the world; but the measurement made by British Great Trigonometric Survey in 1849 led Mount Everest to be concluded as the highest mountain in the world. However the Everest still remained to be officially declared the highest, and in the year 1852 Kanchanjangha and Everest were authoritatively declared the third highest and the highest in the world consecutively. Kanchanjangha is a collective name for five peaks, two of which entirely lie in Nepal and the three others, including the peak with the height of 8516 metres, border Nepal and the state of Sikkim, India. Until then the Everest was known as Peak XV.
Mount Kanchanjangha is notoriously known as the “killer mountain” because it has a high fatality rate. An estimated 20 percent of the climbers are assumed to have lost their lives in the monstrous peak of Kanchanjangha. After Annapurna, it is the second least climbed mountain among more than eight thousanders. kanchanjangha can be climbed via four routes viz: southwest, northweast, north east and north eastern with the first three lying in Nepal and the last one lying in Sikkim.
Members of a British expedition party Joe Brown and George Band were the first to climb Mount Kanchanjangha. One interesting fact about kanchanjangha is that the local tribes regard it as their deity and so worship it, they do not allow any human feet to tread upon its top. So it is said that the mountain kanchanjangha has always remained the mountain whose main peak has never been touched by human feet.
Kanchanjangha was declared UNESCO World Heritage Site on July 16, 2017.
-Article written by: Bedu Khatiwoda for Land Nepal