In the Mahalangur area of the Nepal Himalayas, Mount Makalu, the fifth-highest mountain in the world, is located on the border between Nepal and Tibet. Mt. Everest is to the southeast of it. A single peak with a four-sided pyramidal shape is Makalu. The remote summit connects Nepal with Tibet, which is now ruled by China. The summit site itself is located right at the international border. Three kilometers to the north-northwest of the main peak are Makalu I and Makalu II, the two main subsidiary peaks of Makalu. 8,463 meters is the height of the mountain.
To create self-natural wonders, high waterfalls with deep gorges, stunningly numerous species of flora and fauna, craggy racks rising from desire green forest, underneath of white display peak with colorful flowers and green forest, etc. have contribute a lot in beauty of Mt. Makalu. Animal and plant species that thrive in various climatic conditions and habitats are adopted by Mount Makalu. Beautiful Braun Valley and remarkable difference between the Sherpa and Kirth ethnic groups may be found in such places.
Name of Mt. Makalu
The Sanskrit term Maha Kala, which translates as “Big Black” for the Hindu deity Shiva, is where the name Makalu originates. The summit is known as Makaru in Chinese.
Mt. Makalu Climbing History
On May 15, 1955, Lionel Terray and Jean Couzy of a French team headed by Jean Franco made the first ascent of Makalu. At the time, having the great majority of the expedition’s members summit, especially on such a challenging mountain, was an extraordinary accomplishment. Before this, peaks were reached by teams of little more than 1-2 individuals, with the remaining members of the team giving logistical assistance before turning around and returning home. The normal route was established by the French team, who scaled Makalu by the north face and northeast ridge through the saddle between Makalu and Kangchungtse (the Makalu-La).
Area around Mt. Makalu
Within the 580 square mile Makalu-Barun National Park and Conservation Area in Nepal, which preserves unique habitats from tropical rainforests to alpine tundra over 13,000 feet, sits the village of Makula. A Strict Nature Reserve is maintained in the isolated Barun Valley below Makalu to protect its special features and ecosystems. An incredible range of flora may be found in the park. 3,128 species of flowering plants, including 25 rhododendron species, have been recognized by botanists. A red panda, a snow leopard, and the uncommon Asian golden cat are just a few of the 88 mammal and 440 bird species that call this place home.
Best Time for Trip to Mt. Makalu
The ideal times to trip to Makalu Base Camp are said to be in the spring (March to May) and fall (September to November). These months have continued favorable weather with reasonably pleasant temperatures (particularly at low and mid-elevations). The Makalu trip, however, also be undertaken in the winter, however the region’s lodges may not be the best choice given the chilly conditions.
Difficulty Level of Mt. Makalu
Mount Makalu is renowned for its steep pitches and knife-edge ridges, making it one of the hardest and most technically challenging mountains to climb out of the eight thousand. While ascending Mount Makalu, you will encounter pyramids that require technical rock climbing, which makes the journey more difficult. However, with proper training and guiding, you can succeed it.
Getting to Mt. Makalu
Makalu I may be reached by flying to Tumlingtar. Lionel Terray and Jean Couzy accomplished the first successful climb of the peak on May 15, 1955. Starting at Tumlingtar, the Makalu I trade road passes via Bamling, Seduwa, Sadema, KaloPokhari, and ends at the Base Camp.
Total length of the trade route via Tumlingtar is 93.7 kilometers. The complete 5.8-kilometer rising route is present. Sadema, a town 41.4 kilometers distant, is the one nearest to Makalu I. The nearest hospital to the peak is at Murmi Danda, which is really 48.6 kilometers away.
-by: Kusum Kharel for Land Nepal